Graphic Design – What Is It?

Graphic Design – What Is It?

Graphic Design – What Is IT?

Most people have heard of the term but do not really know what it is exactly.

First, a little history lesson.

The name “Graphic Design” first appeared in print in the 1922 essay “New Kind of Printing Calls for New Design” by William Addison Dwiggins, an American book designer in the early 20th century.
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Raffe’s Graphic Design, published in 1927, is considered to be the first book to use “Graphic Design” in its title.

Wow…as a graphic designer I really didn’t know that.

 

Graphic design is the process of visual communication, and problem-solving through the correct use of typography, space, image and color.

 

And this from Wikipedia:

Graphic design is the process of visual communication, and problem-solving through the correct use of typography, space, image and color.

The field is considered a subset of visual communication and communication design, but sometimes the term “graphic design” is used interchangeably with these due to overlapping skills involved.

Graphic designers use various methods to create and combine words, symbols, and images to create a visual representation of ideas and messages.

A graphic designer may use a combination of typography, visual arts and page layout techniques to produce a final result. Graphic design often refers to both the process (designing) by which the communication is created and the products (designs) which are generated.

Common uses of graphic design include identity (logos and branding), publications (magazines, newspapers and books), print advertisements, posters, billboards, website graphics and elements, signs and product packaging.

For example, a product package might include a logo or other artwork, organized text and pure design elements such as images, shapes and color which unify the piece.

Composition is one of the most important features of graphic design, especially when using pre-existing materials or diverse elements.graphic design-like activities span the history of humankind: from the caves of Lascaux, to Rome’s Trajan’s Column to the illuminated manuscripts of the Middle Ages, to the dazzling neons of Ginza.

 

Graphic design is the process of visual communication, and problem-solving through the correct use of typography, space, image and color.

By John Tarr. A graphic design I made of the font “Arno Pro” back when I was in graphic arts school.

 

In truth “Babylon, artisans pressed cuneiform inscriptions into clay bricks or tablets which were used for construction. The bricks gave information such as the name of the reigning monarch, the builder, or some other dignitary”.

Arguably, this could have be identified as the first billboard or road signs announcing the name of the governor of a state or mayor of the city today.

The Egyptians developed a key communication by hieroglyphics which used picture symbols dating as far back as 136 B.C. found on the Rosetta Stone. “The Rosetta stone, found by one of Napoleon’s engineers was an advertisement for the Egyptian ruler, Ptolemy as the “true Son of the Sun, the Father of the Moon, and the Keeper of the Happiness of Men”

Further, the Egyptians also brought the invention of papyrus, paper made from reeds found along the Nile, on which they transcribed advertisements more common among their people at the time.

Between the dates of 500A.D. and 1450 A.D., also known as the “Dark Ages”, it was the Monks that kept the symbols and writings alive when much of the citizenry were stagnated in progressive learning in reading and writing.

In both this lengthy history and in the relatively recent explosion of visual communication in the 20th and 21st centuries, there is sometimes a blurring distinction and overlapping of advertising art, graphic design and fine art.

After all, they share many of the same elements, theories, principles, practices and languages, and sometimes the same benefactor or client. In advertising art the ultimate objective is the sale of goods and services.

Amazing that history is. If you would like to read more about this history go here.

 

The Rosetta Stone is a granodiorite stele inscribed with a decree issued at Memphis, Egypt, in 196 BC on behalf of King Ptolemy V. The decree appears in three scripts: the upper text is Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, the middle portion Demotic script, and the lowest Ancient Greek. Because it presents essentially the same text in all three scripts (with some minor differences among them), the stone provided the key to the modern understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphs.

The Rosetta Stone is a granodiorite stele inscribed with a decree issued at Memphis, Egypt, in 196 BC on behalf of King Ptolemy V. The decree appears in three scripts: the upper text is Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, the middle portion Demotic script, and the lowest Ancient Greek. Because it presents essentially the same text in all three scripts (with some minor differences among them), the stone provided the key to the modern understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphs.

Web Safe Fonts

Web Safe Fonts

 

Web Safe Fonts

If you are trying to create a website with fonts that appear on a large percentage of computers, then you need to use a “web safe font”. While there are only a few fonts that are found on virtually every computer out there, if you use these fonts in your font stacks, your web pages will look correct.

Sans Serif Web Safe Fonts

Here are your best bets for sans serif fonts. If you include these in your font stacks, most people will see the page correctly.

  • Arial
  • Arial Black
  • Tahoma
  • Trebuchet MS
  • Verdana

And some other choices that will give you good coverage, but might miss some computers, so include a more common one as a backup in your font stack.

  • Century Gothic
  • Geneva
  • Lucida
  • Lucida Sans
  • Lucida Grande

 

Web Safe Fonts

If you are trying to create a website with fonts that appear on a large percentage of computers, then you need to use a “web safe font”. While there are only a few fonts that are found on virtually every computer out there, if you use these fonts in your font stacks, your web pages will look correct.

 

Serif Web Safe Fonts

Here are some of your best bets for serif fonts.

  • Courier
  • Courier New
  • Georgia
  • Times
  • Times New Roman

And here are some other choices that will give you some coverage, but you should include a more common one as a backup.

  • MS Serif
  • New York
  • Palatino
  • Palatino Linotype

If you would like to read the rest of this artical, please go here: Fonts that Work on Most Computers

 

Web Safe Fonts

36 Reasons Why Having a “Free Website” is a Bad Idea

36 Reasons Why Having a “Free Website” is a Bad Idea

36 Reasons Why Having a “Free Website” is a Bad Idea

The thought of getting free website is tempting.

The internet is full of companies offering free website hosting even for self-hosted WordPress.

You’re probably wondering what’s the catch?

Why isn’t everyone else using a free WordPress website?

In this article, we will share 36 reasons why having a free website is a bad idea and something that you should AVOID at all costs.

36 Reasons Why Having a “Free Website” is a Bad Idea

 

What Do We Mean by Free Website?

Most beginners who want to start their own website want to keep the cost low which is understandable.

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So you typically Google the term free website and find many companies offering free website hosting services for free.

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The thought of having free web hosting and building your site without paying anything is tempting.

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Until you get a reality check.

Once you sign up to these so-called “free website services”, you slowly start discovering the limitations and many of them turn out to be not free at all.

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If you or your friend is thinking about getting a free website, then stop now. And read these 36 reasons why free websites are almost always a bad idea.

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1. Extremely slow websites

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Most free website hosting providers put hundreds of websites sharing the same server.

This makes all their websites load at very low speeds.

Slow websites create bad user experience and are bad for SEO.

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2. Unprofessional web address

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Having a website address like mysmallbusiness.Freewebsite.com does not look professional at all.

Visitors to your website and potential customers would find it quite difficult to take your website seriously when you don’t even have a proper domain name.

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And when you ask these companies for a custom domain, you usually have to pay a premium – something like $19 – $25 for a domain which normally costs $10.

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3. Trial Service is Not Really Free

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Many of these free website services often turn out to be limited trials.

After a while you are asked to pay for it. In most cases, this price is usually way higher than normal WordPress hosting services.

If you added a credit card during signup, then they can charge you without giving you any warning.

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4. Hidden charges for free website

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Like any other business, these free website companies need to make money too.

Some of them charge their users for additional services like image hosting, email accounts, FTP access, website transfer, etc.

These charges are often outrageously high.

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5. They can lock down your data

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Many users who start with a free website and then want to move to a paid service, find it impossible to move their website data.

These service providers do not offer any tools to easily migrate your site.

Users end up paying freelancers to manually export their content which can quickly increase your bill.

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6. Irrelevant advertisements on your website

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Most of these free website services are supported by advertisements.

You create content and build your website, but they get paid for the ads.

Often these ads are distracting, intrusive, and look ugly.
The worst part is, sometimes your savvy competitors can then pay these free website hosting companies to advertise on your website.

Talk about sabotaging your business.

 

If you would like to read the rest of this artical go here: Why FREE Websites Are a Bad Idea.

 

36 Reasons Why Having a “Free Website” is a Bad Idea